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The History of Gender Expression



Trans awareness week is the perfect time to begin your journey of embracing gender diversity beyond the binary. In the nascent glow of human history, our ancestors roamed the open expanse, finding shelter in the earth’s crevices and caves. It was a time less encumbered by the stringent rules and roles that later civilisations would impose. They expressed themselves freely, governed by natural inclinations rather than societal expectations. Our connection to that past is a testament to the fluidity of human expression, a reminder that the contemporary arguments surrounding gender are but a departure from our inherent nature.


The essence of individuality is the cornerstone of human evolution—no two people are exactly alike, not even identical twins, who, despite their genetic mirror, host a myriad of differences in personality, preferences, and expression. It is this uniqueness that propels our species forward, fostering innovation and adaptation.


Throughout history, there have been myriad examples of gender expression that transcend the binary. Take, for example, the Two-Spirit individuals of Indigenous North American cultures, who were revered for embodying both masculine and feminine spirits. Or the Hijra of South Asia, a recognised third gender that has been a part of their culture for thousands of years, challenging the Western binary perspective long before it became a topic of discussion in mainstream discourse.


In Ancient Egypt, Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh, took on traditionally male regalia and titles to assert her authority. Across the ocean, in some Native American tribes, individuals identified as Two-Spirit—assuming roles and dressing in a mix of what would be considered male and female attire today, based on their unique personal and spiritual inclinations.


These historical snapshots demonstrate the rich tapestry of human gender expression, revealing that strict gender binaries and roles are not inherent to human society but are rather constructs—often used to consolidate power structures and control populations. The division into rigid genders has been employed to delineate roles that serve political and economic ends, often at the cost of personal freedom and identity.


It is not the recognition of gender diversity that poses a threat to social cohesion but the resistance to it. It is a resistance rooted in the fear of the unknown, a desire to maintain the status quo that has long outlived its usefulness.


As we continue to evolve, it is paramount that we embrace the full spectrum of gender expressions. By encouraging individuals to express themselves authentically, we not only honour their uniqueness but also reclaim the fluidity that once defined us. We must recognise that attempts to restrict this diversity are not in service of order but control, a control that limits the potential of every individual.


So, let us move away from arguments that seek to limit this spectrum of expression. Let us, instead, encourage every person to live authentically, to discover and embrace the fullness of their being. In doing so, we will not weaken our societies but strengthen them, fostering a culture that values diversity, promotes psychological wellbeing, and celebrates the boundless potential of the human spirit.


Let us choose a future that echoes the freedom of our earliest ancestors—a future unbound by the artificial constraints of gender roles. Let us stand in our unique power, for no one is quite like you, and therein lies your strength.


a cave painting showing people animals and children.

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